i-adectives: past negation – kunakatta-form


You can also express a negative meaning of an i-adjective that happens in the past. In English this is the equivalent to “was not”. Building this form is very similar to the kunai-form. You remove the い (i) at the end of the plain form and add くなかった (kunakatta) to the stem of the i-adjective as described in the following examples:

  • => 高- => 高 + くなかった => 高くなかった
  • takai => taka- => taka + kunakatta => takakunakatta
Plain Form Romaji Meaning Negation Romaji Meaning
takai high くなかった takakunakatta was not high
yasui cheap くなかった yasukunakatta was not cheap
美味し oishii tasty 美味しくなかった oishikunakatta was not tasty
hiroi spacious くなかった hirokunakatta was not spacious
寂し sabishii lonely 寂しくなかった sabishikunakatta was not lonely

Example

Kanji 昨日の授業はあまり面白くなかったです。
Furigana きのうのじゅぎょうはあまりおもしろくなかったです。
Romaji kinou no jugyou wa amari omoshirokunakatta desu.
English Yesterday’s lesson was not very interesting.

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