Calendar days in Japanese

The expression of calendar days requires the Japanese as well as the Chinese basic numbers systems. Japanese numbers are used from the first to the tenth as well as for the 14th and 24th day. All other days use the Chinese numbering system. Be careful for the 20th day, which is irregular.

Day Kanji Furigana Romaji
1 一日 ついたち tsuitachi
2 二日 ふつか futsuka
3 三日 みっか mikka
4 四日 よっか yokka
5 五日 いつか itsuka
6 六日 むいか muika
7 七日 なのか nanoka
8 八日 ようか youka
9 九日 ここのか kokonoka
10 十日 とおか tooka
11 十一日 じゅういちにち juuichinichi
12 十二日 じゅうににち juuninichi
14 十四日 じゅうよっか juuyoka
15 十五日 じゅうごにち juugonichi
20 二十日 はつか hatsuka
21 二十一日 にじゅういちにち nijuuichinichi
24 二十四日 にじゅうよっか nijuuyokka
31 三十一日 さんじゅういちにち sanjuuichinichi

 

 

List of Japanese classificators

When counting in Japanese certain special counters need to be applied depending on the objects or subject, which is being counted. Below you will find a list of the most commonly used counters.

Objects

Subject
Kanji
Furigana
Romaji
Examples
books

さつ

satsu

一冊 (issatsu), 二冊 (nisatsu), etc.
buildings

けん

ken

一軒 (ikken), 二軒 (niken), etc.
cups

はい

hai

一杯 (ippai), 二杯 (nihai), etc.
flat objects

まい

mai

一枚 (ichimai), 二枚 (nimai), etc.
floors

かい

kai

一階 (ikkai), 二階 (nikai), etc.
machines, cars

だい

dai

一台 (ichidai), 二台 (nidai), etc.
small objects

ko

一個 (ikko), 二個 (niko),
Yen

えん

en

一円 (ichien), 二円 (nien),

Living things

Subject
Kanji
Furigana
Romaji
Examples
people

にん

nin

一人(hitori), 二人 (futari), 三人 (sannin) etc.
small animals

ひき

hiki

一匹 (ippiki), 二匹 (nihiki), etc.
birds & rabbits

wa

一羽 (ichiwa), 二羽 (niwa), etc.
large animals

とう

tou

一頭 (ittou), 二頭 (nitou), etc.

Occurrences & ranking

Subject
Kanji
Furigana
Romaji
Examples
stays over night

はく

haku

一泊 (ippaku), 二泊 (nihaku), etc.
times

かい

kai

一回 (ikkai), 二回 (nikai),
times

do

一度 (ichido), 二度 (nido),
rank

ばん

ban

一番 (ichiban), 二番 (niban),
book, newspaper issue

ごう

gou

一号 (ichigou), 二号 (nigou),

Time

Subject
Kanji 
Furigana 
Romaji 
Examples
seconds

びょう

byou

一秒 (ichibyou), 二秒 (nibyou),
minutes

ふん

fun

一分 (ippun), 二分 (nifun, etc.),
clock hours

ji

一時 (ichiji), 二時 (niji, etc.),
hours (duration)

時間

じかん

jikan

一時間 (ichijikan), 二時間 (nijikan, etc.),
weeks (duration)

週間

しゅうかん

shuukan

一週間 (isshuukan), 二週間 (nishuukan, etc.),
months (duration)

ヶ月

かげつ

kagetsu

一ヶ月 (ikkagetsu), 二ヶ月 (nikagetsu, etc.),
years (duration)

年間

ねんかん

nenkan

一年間 (ichinenkan), 二年間 (ninenkan, etc.),
years (age)

さい

sai

一才 (issai), ニ才 (nisai, etc.),
years (age)

さい

sai

一才 (issai), ニ才 (nisai, etc.),

Ordinal numbers using the Chinese system

When using the Chinese system for ordinal numbers 番目 (banme) is added at the end of the Onyomi reading of the basic number. Alternatively the Japanese system can also be used for the first nine numbers.

一番目 – ichibanme – the first

二番目 – nibanme – the second

三番目 – sanbanme – the third

四番目 – yonbanme – the fourth

五番目 – gobanme – the fifth

六番目 – rokubanme – the sixth

七番目 – nanabanme – the seventh

八番目 – hachibanme – the eighth

九番目 – kyuubanme – the ninth

十番目 – juubanme – the tenth

百番目 – hyakubanme – the hundredth

千番目 – senbanme – the tousandth

Related posts:

Ordinal numbers using the Japanese system

Ordinal numbers using the Japanese system

Japanese basic numbers become ordinal numbers simple by adding a 目 (me) at their end. The Japanese system only goes until nine. The Chinese system can also be used and it goes beyond the first nine numbers.

一つ目 – hitotsume – the first

二つ目 – futatsume – the second

三つ目 – mittsume – the third

四つ目 – yottsume – the fourth

五つ目 – itsutsume – the fifth

六つ目 – muttsume – the sixth

七つ目 – nanatsume – the seventh

八つ目 – yattsume – the eighth

九つ目 – kokonotsume – the nineth

Related posts:

Ordinal number using the Chinese system

Phone numbers in Japanese

Writing a phone number

Each country has its own habits on how to write down a phone number and how to separate its different components. In Japan phone numbers in general have 8 digits and each 4 digits are separated by a “-”. The code for the city, which has 2 or 3 digits is in brackets.

  • City: (03)
  • Number: 1234-9876

Reading a phone number

The dial prefix for a country or a city usually is written in brackets. To express that this is a different part of the phone number の (no) is used.

Example on how to read a telephone number:

  • 0081+(0)3-1234-9876
  • zero zero hachi ichi no zero san no ichi ni san yon no kyuu hachi nana roku