Hiragana is a phonetic alphabet that was developed in the ninth century to simplify writing. It nowadays is mainly used for native Japanese words. Hiragana are derived from more complex kanji and each hiragana represents a syllable. A total of 46 hiragana is used in contemporary Japanese writing.
List of the 46 hiragana and their 25 diagritics (with ゛or ゜)
Click on the Hiragana to learn how to write and pronounce it.
|あ (a)||い (i)||う (u)||え (e)||お (o)|
|な (na)||に (ni)||ぬ (nu)||ね (ne)||の (no)|
|ま (ma)||み (mi)||む (mu)||め (me)||も (mo)|
|や (ya)||ゆ (yu)||よ (yo)|
|ら (ra)||り (ri)||る (ru)||れ (re)||ろ (ro)|
|わ (wa)||を (wo/o)|
The combination of some of these hiragana is used to express a few additional sounds used in Japanese. The first character is written in normal size whereas the second character is written a little bit smaller. These combinations are called digraphs.
List of 21 hiragana digraphs and their 15 diagritics
|にゃ (nya)||にゅ (nyu)||にょ (nyo)|
|みゃ (mya)||みゅ (myu)||みょ (myo)|
|りゃ (rya)||りゅ (ryu)||りょ (ryo)|
HIRAGANA & KATAKANA TEST
PRACTICE WRITING THE HIRAGANA with the Print Yourself Workbook
Download the NIHONGO ICHIBAN PRINT YOURSELF Hiragana & Katakana Workbook and practice writing hiragana on worksheets that you can print at home as often as you like.