Katakana


Katakana is a phonetic alphabet covering syllables and consists of  46 different characters. It is mainly used for foreign loanwords and sometimes to replace kanji or hiragana for emphasis. Katakana were developed in the ninth century and are also derived from more complex kanji.

List of the 46 basic katakana and their 25 diagritics (with ゛or ゜)

A I U E O
 (a)  (i)  (u)  (e)  (o)
 (ka)
ガ (ga)
 (ki)
ギ (gi)
 (ku)
グ (gu)
 (ke)
ゲ (ke)
 (ko)
ゴ (go)
 (sa)
ザ (za)
 (shi)
ジ (ji)
 (su)
ズ (zu)
 (se)
ゼ (ze)
 (so)
ゾ (zo)
 (ta)
ダ (da)
 (chi)
ヂ (ji)
 (tsu)
ヅ (zu)
 (te)
デ (de)
 (to)
ド (do)
 (na)  (ni)  (nu)  (ne)  (no)
 (ha)
バ (ba)
パ (pa)
 (hi)
ビ (bi)
ピ (pi)
 (fu)
ブ (bu)
プ (pu)
 (he)
ベ (be)
ペ (pe)
 (ho)
ボ (bo)
ポ (po)
 (ma)  (mi)  (mu)  (me)  (mo)
 (ya)  (yu)  (yo)
 (ra)  (ri)  (ru)  (re)  (ro)
 (wa)  (wo/o)
 (n)

List of 21 katakana digraphs and their 15 diagritics.

As with hiragana there also are combinations to express the other sounds required for the Japanese language.

YA YU YO
キャ (kya)
ギャ (gya)
キュ (kyu)
ギュ (gyu)
キョ (kyo)
ギョ (gyo)
シャ (sha)
ジャ (ja)
シュ (shu)
ジュ (ju)
ショ (sho)
ジョ (jo)
チャ (cha)
ヂャ (ja)
チュ (chu)
ヂュ (ju)
チョ (cho)
ヂョ(jo)
ニャ (nya) ニュ (nyu) ニョ (nyo)
ヒャ (hya)
ビャ (bya)
ピャ (pyo)
ヒュ (hyu)
ビュ (byu)
ピュ (pyu)
ヒョ (hyo)
ビョ (byo)
ピョ (pyo)
ミャ (mya) ミュ (myu) ミョ (myo)
リャ (rya) リュ (ryu) リョ (ryo)

These 46 katakana and their variations are sufficient to express all sounds used for Japanese words. In order to get closer to the pronunciation of foreign words, a list of not so common extended katakana is used.

List of extended katakana

A I U E O
イィ (yi) イェ (ye)
ウァ (wa) ウィ (wi) ウゥ (wu) ウェ (we) ウォ (wo)
ヴァ (va) ヴィ (vi) ヴ (vu) ヴェ (ve) ヴォ (vo)
ヴィェ (vye)
キェ (kye)
ギェ (gye)
クァ (kwa) クィ(kwi) クェ (kwe) クォ (kwo)
グァ (gwa)  グィ (gwi)  グェ (gwe) グォ (gwo)
シェ (she)
 ジェ (je)
 スィ (si)
 ズィ (zi)
 チェ (che)
 ツァ (tsa)  ツィ (tsi)  ツェ (tse)  ツォ (tso)
 ティ (ti)  テゥ (tu)
 ディ (di)  デゥ (du)
 ニェ (nye)
 ヒェ (hye)
 ビェ (bye)
 ピェ (pye)
 ファ (fa)  フィ (fi)  フェ (fe)  フォ (fo)
 フィェ (fye)
 ホゥ (hu)
 ミェ (mye)
 リェ (rye)
 ラ゜(la)  リ゜(li)  ル゜(lu)  レ゜(le)  ロ゜(lo)

HIRAGANA & KATAKANA TEST

Just follow this Twitter account and start receiving 10 tweets per day with randomly selected hiragana and katakana including links to the solution.


PRACTICE WRITING KATAKANA & HIRAGANA

Download the NIHONGO ICHIBAN PRINT YOURSELF Hiragana & Katakana Workbook and practice writing hiragana on worksheets that you can print at home as often as you like.

Comments

  1. Magaly says:

    Could you help me? I want to download this Workbook but the link doesn’t work for me. Thanks!

  2. **Nili** says:

    very interesting i wil check it /Ohh esta muy interesante todo!! voy a chekear mas!

  3. ides sarah says:

    verry good..i like this…

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s