List of Japanese prefixes

The Japanese language uses a multitude of prefixes. In this section you will find a selection of the most common other prefixes. The Japanese language uses a lot of compound nouns. This means that a lot of words, which are used for combinations can also be classified as prefixes.


The prefix 最 (SAI) has the meaning “most” and can be combined with a multitude of other words.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
最後 さいご saigo at last
最新 さいしん saishin latest, newest
最悪 さいあく saiaku the worst
最低 さいてい saitei least, lowest


The prefix 以 (I) expresses a boundary or limit.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
以上 いじょう ijou above, exceeding
以下 いか ika below, not exceeding
以外 いがい igai with the exception
以内 いない inai within, inside


The prefix 真 (MA) intensifies the meaning of the following word.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
真直ぐ まっすぐ massugu straight ahead
真っ赤 まっか makka deep red
真っ白 まっしろ masshiro pure white


The prefix 反 (HAN) expresses an opposite or opposition similar to the English prefix anti-.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
反対 はんたい hantai opposition


The prefix 再 (SAI) expresses a repetition similar to the English prefix re-.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
再入国 さいにゅうこく sainyuukoku reentry (to Japan)


The prefix 毎 (MAI) expresses a repetition with the meaning of every-.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
毎度 まいど maido each time
 毎日 まいにち mainichi every day
毎月 まいつき maitsuki every month
毎年 まいとし maitoshi every year


refix 新 (SHIN) expresses that something is new.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
新型 しんがた shingata new type, new style
新規 しんき shinki new, fresh


The Prefix 全 (ZEN) expresses completeness.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
全部 ぜんぶ zenbu entire, whole
全体 ぜんたい zentai whole, entirely
全然 ぜんぜん zenzen not at all


The prefix 半 (HAN) expresses a half and corresponds to the English prefix semi-.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
半分 はんぶん hanbun half, half a minute
半年 はんとし hantoshi half a year
半日 はんにち hannichi half a day


The prefix 小 (KO) expresses that something is small.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
小型 こがた kogata small type

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  1. ato sudiarto says:

    i like and learn it….. arigato!

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