List of Japanese prefixes


The Japanese language uses a multitude of prefixes. In this section you will find a selection of the most common other prefixes. The Japanese language uses a lot of compound nouns. This means that a lot of words, which are used for combinations can also be classified as prefixes.

PREFIX 最 (SAI)

The prefix 最 (SAI) has the meaning “most” and can be combined with a multitude of other words.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
最後 さいご saigo at last
最新 さいしん saishin latest, newest
最悪 さいあく saiaku the worst
最低 さいてい saitei least, lowest

PREFIX 以 (I)

The prefix 以 (I) expresses a boundary or limit.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
以上 いじょう ijou above, exceeding
以下 いか ika below, not exceeding
以外 いがい igai with the exception
以内 いない inai within, inside

PREFIX 真 (MA)

The prefix 真 (MA) intensifies the meaning of the following word.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
真直ぐ まっすぐ massugu straight ahead
真っ赤 まっか makka deep red
真っ白 まっしろ masshiro pure white

PREFIX 反 (HAN)

The prefix 反 (HAN) expresses an opposite or opposition similar to the English prefix anti-.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
反対 はんたい hantai opposition

PREFIX 再 (SAI)

The prefix 再 (SAI) expresses a repetition similar to the English prefix re-.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
再入国 さいにゅうこく sainyuukoku reentry (to Japan)

PREFIX 毎 (MAI)

The prefix 毎 (MAI) expresses a repetition with the meaning of every-.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
毎度 まいど maido each time
 毎日 まいにち mainichi every day
毎月 まいつき maitsuki every month
毎年 まいとし maitoshi every year

PREFIX 新 (SHIN)

refix 新 (SHIN) expresses that something is new.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
新型 しんがた shingata new type, new style
新規 しんき shinki new, fresh

PREFIX 全 (ZEN)

The Prefix 全 (ZEN) expresses completeness.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
全部 ぜんぶ zenbu entire, whole
全体 ぜんたい zentai whole, entirely
全然 ぜんぜん zenzen not at all

PREFIX 半 (HAN)

The prefix 半 (HAN) expresses a half and corresponds to the English prefix semi-.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
半分 はんぶん hanbun half, half a minute
半年 はんとし hantoshi half a year
半日 はんにち hannichi half a day

PREFIX 小 (KO)

The prefix 小 (KO) expresses that something is small.

Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
小型 こがた kogata small type

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Comments

  1. ato sudiarto says:

    i like and learn it….. arigato!

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