Expressing a position in Japanese


In Japanese positions are expressed by putting position-noun behind the noun whose position is being described. Both nouns are connected using the particle の (no). In addition the Particles に (ni) or で (de) used behing the position-noun indicated that it is about a location.

The general structure of the description of a position is as follows:

[Noun] + の (no) + [position noun] + に (ni) or で (de)


This example gives you an idea on how a sentence explaining a position looks like.


Kanji Furigana Romaji Translation
うえ ue above, on, over
した shita under, below
まえ mae in front of
後ろ うしろ ushiro behind
みぎ migi right hand of
ひだり hidari left hand of
さき saki before
よこ yoko next to
隣り となり tonari next to
そば soba next to
なか naka inside
へん hen around here
かど kado at the corner of
すみ sumi in the corner of
おく oku inside the building
そと soto outside
うち uchi
あいだ aida in between
近く ちかく chikaku close to, near to


  1. jacinta amado says:

    Thank you, thank you for these grammar lessons.
    Could you please leave examples to help illustrate your explanations? Thank you again and have a wonderfull day!

  2. Nicolas says:

    Thanks for the comment. This is a good idea and I will add a few examples – probably this weekend.

  3. Thanks for these! I only knew kore, sore and are before.

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