Ramen (ラーメン) is a Japanese noodle soup dish which is very popular amongst Japanese as well as foreigners. It consists of Chinese style noodles in a broth with toppings such as sliced pork, green onions and many more. This article explains the different types of Ramen as well as vocabulary and phrases that will be useful to eat at almost any Ramen restaurant.
1) The 4 basic types of ramen soup
There are four basic types of broth for Ramen:
- Shouyu Ramen (醤油ラーメン）with soy souce
- Shio Ramen (塩ラーメン) – vegetable broth
- Miso Ramen (味噌ラーメン) with miso paste
- Tonkotsu Ramen (豚骨ラーメン) – a pork broth
On top of these four basic ramen soup you will also find many variations and combination driven by regional preferences or the restaurants trying to create unique dishes.
2. The toppings
Each ramen restaurant offers different toppings for ramen. Some toppings are fixed part of the dish whereas other toppings can be ordered as options. This is a list of the most common toppings:
- Nori (海苔) – seawead
- Negi (ネギ) – green onions
- Moyashi (もやし) – soy sprouts
- Tamago (卵) – boiled egg
- Chaashuu (チャーシュー) grilled pork slices
- Goma (ごま) – sesame
- Koon (コーン) – corn
- Battaa (バッター) – butter
- Menma (メンマ) – fermented bamboo shoots
3. Side dishes
Almost every Ramen restaurant offers a set of typical side dishes. The most popular side dishes are:
- gyouza (餃子) – dumplings
- chaahan (チャーハン) – fried rice
4. Vocabulary & sentences
Here are a few words and patterns that will help you to get what you want at any Ramen restaurant.
|more please||okawari kudasai||おかわりください||おかわり下さい|
|please help||tasukete kudasai||たすけてください||助けて下さい|
|the bill please||okaikei||おかいけい||お会計|
|water please||omizu kudasai||おみずください||お水下さい|
What is YOUR favorite Ramen. Please share your best Ramen experiences in the comment section.