Japanese grammar of verbs for JLPT N5

All about the grammar of verbs for the JLPT N5

This is a list of grammar for verbs required to pass the JLPT N5. Place the curser above the grammar form name to get more detailed information.

VERB + masu-form (〜ます)

Kanji 私は毎日新聞を読みます。
Furigana わたしはまいにちしんぶんをよみます。
Romaji watashi wa mainichi shinbun o yomimasu.
English I read newspaper every day.

VERB + masen (〜ません)

Kanji 私の母はアルコールを飲みません。
Furigana わたしのはははアルコールをのみません。
Romaji watashi no haha wa arukooru o nomimasen.
English My mother does not drink alcohol.

VERB + mashita (〜ました)

Kanji 私は昨日本を買いました。
Furigana わたしはきのうほんをかいました。
Romaji watashi wa kinou hon o kaimashita.
English I bought a book yesterday.

VERB + masen deshita (~ませんでした)

Kanji 私はまだ朝ご飯を食べませんでした。
Furigana わたしはまだあさごはんをたべませんでした。
Romaji watashi wa mada asagohan o tabemasen deshita.
English I have not yet eaten breakfast.

VERB + plain form

Kanji 日本人は毎日御飯を食べる。
Furigana にほんじんはまいにちごはんをたべる。
Romaji nihonjin wa mainichi gohan o taberu.
English Japanese eat rice every day.

VERB + NAI form (~ない)

Kanji 私の父はテレビを見ない。
Furigana わたしのちちはテレビをみない。
Romaji watashi no chichi wa terebi o minai.
English My father does not watch TV.


Kanji  私は新聞を読んだ。
Furigana  わたしはしんぶんをよんだ。
Romaji  watashi wa shinbun o yonda.
English  I read a newspaper.

VERB + nakatta FORM (~なかった)

Kanji 私はまだ食べなかった。
Furigana わたしはまだたべなかった。
Romaji watashi wa mada tabenakatta.
English I have not eaten yet.

VERB + te FORM (~て)

Kanji  朝ご飯を食べて学校に行きました。
Furigana  あさごはんをたべてがっこうにいきました。
Romaji  asagohan o tabete gakkou ni ikimashita.
English I went to school after eating breakfast.

VERB + TE ARU(~てある)

Kanji このノートに漢字が書いてあります。
Furigana こののーとにかんじがかいてあります。
Romaji kono nooto ni kanji ga kaite arimasu.
English There is a kanji writing on this notebook.

VERB + TE iRU(~ている)

Kanji 私は新聞を読んでいます。
Furigana わたしはしんぶんをよんでいます。
Romaji watashi wa shinbun o yonde imasu.
English I am reading a newspaper.

VERB + naide(~ないで)

Kanji 朝ご飯を食べないで学校に行きました。
Furigana あさごはんをたべないでがっこうにいきました。
Romaji asagohan o tabenaide gakkou ni ikimashita.
English I went to school without eating breakfast.


  1. Ohayou gozaimasu
    Before anything else, Congratulations for this wonderful site.
    I was reading this part on grammar and I think you have mistyped the translation:
    VERB + nakatta FORM (~なかった)
    Kanji: 私はまだ食べなかった。
    Furigana わたしはまだたべなかった。
    Romaji watashi wa mada tabenakatta.
    English: I have not year eaten.

    I think It is not right.
    Could be: I have not eaten yet? I don’t know… “Year” doesn’t fit there!

    • Yes, you are right. There is a spelling mistake. I will correct it immediately. Thank you very much for pointing it out.

  2. 有難う。復習として、とても嬉しい‼(^-^)

  3. This is sooo useful! Thank you for sharing this!
    But, I think a better way to say “There are Kanji write on this notebook” may be “There is Kanji writing on this notebook” or “There are Kanji characters on this notebook.” While I understand what it means, the original sentence just sounds a bit weird.

    • Thanks. You are right – the English sentence looks a bit strange. I corrected it using your proposal.
      Thank you very much.

    • Ravin raj giri says:

      It could be better if it was written as-There is a kanji written on this notebook.Anyway it’s the best site.

  4. 好东西啊~

  5. nikki says:

    thank you so much for this site! It was really something I needed!

  6. this is so helpful you have no idea what this means to me … i know a little japanese from the manga and anime .. i can read and understand the basics .. but what i needed was the entire syllabus so that i could confidently take the jlpt dec .. please keep posting other information if you think this site does not completely cover the syllabi…. i will keep checking your site .. thanks again.

  7. this site is very amazing ..:D this is what i need to intense my nihongo frequency ..!!!
    Yattah ..:D Domo arigato ni kimi ga .. \\^O^// ..:D

  8. Christopher Dare says:

    This is a wonderful site and well written. Just one little point about the last box on this page; shouldn’t it read “VERB+naide (~ないで)” rather than “(~ていで)”?

  9. thanks for simple method

  10. Zoelfahmi Uryuu says:

    This web helpful and nice method. (y)
    Well, can you explain each grammar, please?
    Like …VERB + masen (〜ません)–> Negative form. Use when …..
    So difficult if i just learn from one example without explaining. Thank you…

  11. Kriti says:

    where can i find the masu form of every dictionary form of a japanese verb.
    for example: taberu (dictionary form)
    tabemase (masu form)

  12. It really help me to learn, but can you explain about “why should we use this form?” or maybe “this form function is….” maybe it’ll really help a beginner for pass jltp n5 more 🙂

  13. Hi, I just found this site. If I buy the JLPT N5 book, does it have the same structure as above?
    Example: Kanji/ Furigana/ Romaji/ English
    Can you suggest any other books. I am toddler level Japanese. Need to work more on conversation/ vocab. more than anything.
    Thanks for your time and hard work. I’ll check back.

  14. good-guy-joe says:

    I have looked into the ~te iru (~ている) form. I think there needs to be a note there explaining that this form is not always a straight translation from “VERBing” to “VERBte iru”.

  15. kuma2014 says:

    i’d love to learn japanese so much, but i dont knw where to start, please could you guys provide me some tips from where to start and probably link me some of your tutotial books. Thanks


  1. […] Japanese grammar of verbs for JLPT N5. […]

  2. […] Japanese grammar of verbs for JLPT N5. […]

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