List of Japanese classificators


When counting in Japanese certain special counters need to be applied depending on the objects or subject, which is being counted. Below you will find a list of the most commonly used counters.

Objects

Subject
Kanji
Furigana
Romaji
Examples
books

さつ

satsu

一冊 (issatsu), 二冊 (nisatsu), etc.
buildings

けん

ken

一軒 (ikken), 二軒 (niken), etc.
cups

はい

hai

一杯 (ippai), 二杯 (nihai), etc.
flat objects

まい

mai

一枚 (ichimai), 二枚 (nimai), etc.
floors

かい

kai

一階 (ikkai), 二階 (nikai), etc.
machines, cars

だい

dai

一台 (ichidai), 二台 (nidai), etc.
small objects

ko

一個 (ikko), 二個 (niko),
Yen

えん

en

一円 (ichien), 二円 (nien),

Living things

Subject
Kanji
Furigana
Romaji
Examples
people

にん

nin

一人(hitori), 二人 (futari), 三人 (sannin) etc.
small animals

ひき

hiki

一匹 (ippiki), 二匹 (nihiki), etc.
birds & rabbits

wa

一羽 (ichiwa), 二羽 (niwa), etc.
large animals

とう

tou

一頭 (ittou), 二頭 (nitou), etc.

Occurrences & ranking

Subject
Kanji
Furigana
Romaji
Examples
stays over night

はく

haku

一泊 (ippaku), 二泊 (nihaku), etc.
times

かい

kai

一回 (ikkai), 二回 (nikai),
times

do

一度 (ichido), 二度 (nido),
rank

ばん

ban

一番 (ichiban), 二番 (niban),
book, newspaper issue

ごう

gou

一号 (ichigou), 二号 (nigou),

Time

Subject
Kanji 
Furigana 
Romaji 
Examples
seconds

びょう

byou

一秒 (ichibyou), 二秒 (nibyou),
minutes

ふん

fun

一分 (ippun), 二分 (nifun, etc.),
clock hours

ji

一時 (ichiji), 二時 (niji, etc.),
hours (duration)

時間

じかん

jikan

一時間 (ichijikan), 二時間 (nijikan, etc.),
weeks (duration)

週間

しゅうかん

shuukan

一週間 (isshuukan), 二週間 (nishuukan, etc.),
months (duration)

ヶ月

かげつ

kagetsu

一ヶ月 (ikkagetsu), 二ヶ月 (nikagetsu, etc.),
years (duration)

年間

ねんかん

nenkan

一年間 (ichinenkan), 二年間 (ninenkan, etc.),
years (age)

さい

sai

一才 (issai), ニ才 (nisai, etc.),
years (age)

さい

sai

一才 (issai), ニ才 (nisai, etc.),
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Comments

  1. sankyuu… :)

  2. haruko_tegoshi says:

    Hello, I just found your sight and it is very helpful but in the example for people shouldn’t furati be futari? All of the jpop songs I listen to use futari.

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