Particle か – ka for questions

The Japanese particle か – ka

Function of the particle か – ka

This particle か – ka is used to express a question. In contrast to Western languages Japanese to go up with the voice at the end of a question. A particle is therefore used to indicate a question to one’s counterpart.

How to use the particle か – ka

The particle か – ka is added at the end of a sentence to change it from a statement to a question.

[sentence] + [か/KA]

Example sentence for the particle か – ka

Kanji 貴方は先生ですか?
Furigana あなたはせんせいですか?
Romaji anata wa sensei desu ka?
English Are you a teacher?

Kanji あの映画は面白いですか?
Furigana あのえいがはおもしろいですか?
Romaji ano eiga wa omoshiroi desuka?
English Is this movie interesting?

Particle が (ga)

The Japanese particle が – ga


The particle が – GA indicates  the subject of a sentence when it is new information for the listener or when subject is emphasized. The particle が GA can also be used to express a question.


[subject noun + [が/GA] + rest of the sentence

Example sentence – が / GA to introduce a new subject

Kanji 建物あります。
Furigana たてものあります。
Romaji tatemono ga arimasu.
English There is a building.

Kanji 寝ています。
Furigana ははねています。
Romaji haha ga nete imasu.
English Mother is sleeping.

Kanji 咲いています。花きれいです。
Furigana はなさいています。はなきれいです。
Romaji hana ga saite imasu. hana wa kirei desu.
English The flowers are blossoming. The flowers are beautiful.

In the first sentence the flowers are a newly introduced subject and GA is used. As the subject is not new information anymore in the second sentence WA is used.


Kanji この方先生です。
Furigana このかたせんせいです。
Romaji kono kata ga sensei desu.
English This person over there is the teacher.

Kanji 行きます。
Furigana わたしいきます。
Romaji watashi ga ikimasu.
English I am the one who goes.


Kanji 来ましたか?
Furigana だれきましたか?
Romaji dare ga kimashita ka?
English Did anybody come?

Particle は (wa)

The Japanese particle は – wa

Function of the は – wa particle


The particle は – wa indicates  the main topic of a sentence. In English it would be similar to starting a sentence with “as for…”. Most of the times the main topic of the sentence is identical to what is called the subject in English.

How to use the particle は – wa

[topic of the sentence] + [は/wa] + rest of the sentence

Japanese Examples SENTENCES with the particle は – wa

Kanji 先生です。
Furigana わたしせんせいです。
Romaji watashi wa sensei desu.
English I am a teacher. (As for me, I am a teacher.)

Kanji 明日働きます。
Furigana あしたはたらきます。
Romaji ashita wa hatarakimasu.
English Tomorrow I work.

Kanji この映画面白いです。
Furigana このえいがおもしろいです。
Romaji kono eiga wa omoshiroi desu.
English That movie is interesting.

Lessons & tests for the Japanese particle は – wa

Learn more about Japanese particles

Learn more about the 188 particles used in the Japanese language.

Particle に (ni) and へ (e)

These two particles are used to express a direction, whereas に (ni) defines a precise location and へ (e) more an area.
1. Precise location:


Kanji 私は会社行きます。
Furigana わたしはかいしゃいきます。
Romaji watashi wa kaisha ni ikimasu.
English I go to my company.


2. Area:


Kanji 私は来年日本行きます。
Furigana わたしはらいねんにほんいきます。
Romaji watashi wa rainen nihon e ikimasu.
English I will go to Japan next year.



Particle で (de)

1. Place of action:


Kanji 私は事務室働きます。
Furigana わたしはじむしつはたらきます。
Romaji watashi wa jimushitsu de hatarakimasu.
English I work in the office.


2. Means:


Kanji 私は電車帰ります。
Furigana わたしはでんしゃかえります。
Romaji watashi wa densha de kaerimasu.
English I return home by train.


3. Material:


Kanji この建物は材木出来ています。
Furigana このたてものはざいもくできています。
Romaji kono tatemono wa zaimoku de dekite imasu.
English This building is made of wood.


4. Sum:


Kanji 全部千円です。
Furigana ぜんぶせんえんです。
Romaji zenbu de sen en desu.
English The total is 1,000 Yen.



%d bloggers like this: